Celts and Germans Essay 2 Question:
Page 3 Celtic Religion On the religious aspect of Celtic culture there are problems in reaching a clear description. Caesar's assessment that in general the Celts worshipped the same gods as the Romans under different names would appear to be an over-simplification.
Nevertheless there are elements of truth therein. Roman religious concepts went back a long way and had common ground with the origins of Celtic religion.
In Rome as elsewhere there were controlling spirits for such important aspects of life as earth, water, fire, wind, fertility, etc. It is when we when we try to separate out what might be the unique features of Celtic religion that we can run into difficulties.
While part of Celtic religion would have been unique to the Upper Danube homeland, as Celtic influence spread the Celts themselves absorbed ideas and practices from the peoples with whom they came in contact. We are lacking in evidence of the basics of the concepts of the Celtic homeland - most accounts of Celtic religion are concerned with the areas with which they came in contact - Iberia, Gaul, Britain, etc.
How many of these elements were "Celtic" in origin and how many were indigenous would be hard to determine. Caesar drops a strong hint in his comment on the Druidic doctrine having origins in the British Isles. The policy among the Celts of not committing such matters to writing does not help our investigation.
As in Bablylon, Egypt, and mediaeval Christian Europe education in the Celtic world was under the umbrella of the religious system - in this case Druidism.
As opposed to Classical Greece and Rome where education was secular in organization. Thus the study of "religious" matters was allied to that of the sciences, astronomy, law, medicine, etc.
Celtic religion does not seem to be as closely associated with religious buildings as other faiths but more with simple rural shrines associated with water sources, groves of trees, rocks and other natural features.
In this however it would have been little different from the Neolithic period religion of the early farmers on the Western seaboard. It is the large urban cultures like Rome which produced the great temples and later churches.
Writers about Minoan Crete, for example, have commented on the presence of rural shrines rather than temples. One aspect of Celtic life which may again have been general in the early agricultural world was the holding of great assemblies at central points at fixed times of the year.
For these an area was marked out by a ditch or other form of marker to create a tememos and inside each was a simple wooden religious building. One can imagine a blend of religious, social, and political activities including elections and feasting.
But again there are indications of such activities in the Neolithic era within henges etc. The Celts held important ceremonies at key points in the farming year.
These included Imbolc Feb. These however would be in line with similar ceremonies based around the early megalithic structures.
They also inherited the traditions of their megalithic forbears in their fascination with the moon and its relationship in its movements with those of the sun.
To the Celts the head was sacred. This feature appears often in Celtic art. Warriors collected heads of distinguished foes. Other cultures throughout the world have done so until comparatively recent times.
The number 3 was also sacred.
High importance was attached to water sites - bogs, lakes, rivers, springs - and to trees and plants. Animals too were sacred - such as stags, bulls, etc. What this tells us is that we are looking at a culture which had not yet become "urbanised" and where the wonder inspired by Nature in the early farmers was still present.
There would also seem to have been a practice of making depositions of high quality weapons and other metalwork in specially excavated holes in the earth and in water sources as offerings to the gods. This would seem to be the only logical reason for the finds which keep turning up.
Such items appear to have been ritually broken - "killed" - before deposition. In Central America the Maya for example deposited such objects in sacred wells cenotes.Thus, assessing the current status of existing MPAs to form an ecologically coherent network is a logical important step in developing marine strategies for the Celtic Seas subregion.
The Celtic Seas Partnership, an EC Life+-funded project led by WWF-UK, was set up to support implementation of the MSFD in the Celtic Seas, using a stakeholder-led approach.
The Celtic Iron Age would be considered the most important within the Three-age System regarding to human societal development in Europe.
It has made many improvements for humans to achieve the level of societal complexity today. Celtic languages are still spoken today in parts of the British Isles and northern France. Geographical Spread Ancient writers gave the name Celts to various population groups living across central Europe inland from the Mediterranean coastal areas.
Talk:Celtic Sea To help assess the quality and importance of geography articles, please see: This article says that the Celtic sea wasn't named until —The preceding unsigned comment was added by When and where the .
The Celtic Iron Age would be considered the most important within the Three-age System regarding to human societal development in Europe. It has made many improvements for humans to achieve the level of societal complexity today. Feb 20, · The one primary obstacle in researching and reading Celtic myths and religion in a Pagan, pre-Christian format is the fact that ostensibly Celtic society was literate only in an oral based tradition.
For the most part Pagan Celts and Druids were disinclined to .