Summary What is sickle cell disease?
That is why it is important for people with SCT to understand how it is passed on and the likelihood of their children or grandchildren developing SCD. If only one parent has SCTthere is a 50 percent chance their child will have SCT and a 50 percent chance they will not.
It is important for people with SCT to understand the condition and its implications before they have a baby and talk about newborn testing with their doctor.
Diagnosis SCT is diagnosed with a simple blood test that is available at most hospitals or medical centers. This blood test is usually done as a routine with newborns, but older children and adults can also be tested.
A blood sample will be taken from the end of the finger or a vein in the arm and then sent to a laboratory. Treatment SCT does not usually require treatment, as most people do not experience any symptoms.
However, SCT may require intervention if the person wants to be an athlete, join the military, or have children. People with SCT are more likely to have muscle breakdown or heat stroke when doing intense physical exercise, such as in competitive sports or military training.
Therefore, people with SCT should avoid getting overheated and dehydrated during physical activity and should take necessary preventative measures.
Genetic counselors are experts in genetic disorders and will look at an individual's family history and discuss any relevant risks and considerations. Complications Most people with SCT do not have any health problems, although situations can cause symptoms to occur.Blood problems: People with sickle cell disease can develop anemia-a reduction in the number of red blood cells.
Symptoms of anemia are shortness of breath (oxygen is not getting to tissues), lightheadedness, and fatigue. Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder that causes chronic anemia, periodic episodes of pain, and other complications. In sickle cell anemia, the red blood cells become rigid and shaped like crescents, or sickles, rather than being flexible and round.
This change in shape prevents red blood cells from getting into small blood vessels. People with sickle cell disease (SCD) start to have signs of the disease during the first year of life, usually around 5 months of age.
Symptoms and complications of SCD are different for each person and can range from mild to severe. This causes the hands and feet to swell. It can also cause leg ulcers. Swollen hands and feet are often the first sign of sickle cell anemia in babies.
Splenic sequestration. Splenic sequestration is a blockage of the splenic vessels by sickle cells. It causes a sudden, painful enlargement of the spleen. Approximately 70, to , Americans have sickle cell disease, the most common form of an inherited blood disorder. This disease, which is present in affected individuals at birth, causes the production of abnormal hemoglobin.
People with sickle cell disease (SCD) start to have signs of the disease during the first year of life, usually around 5 months of age.
Symptoms and complications of SCD are different for each person and can range from mild to severe.